WINSTON Churchill was immortalized for leading Britain from near defeat to victory in World War II.
The political roots of the WWII prime minister came from his father, Lord Randolph Churchill, a former Conservative MP and chancellor. But who was Lord Randolph? Here’s what we know …
Lord Randolph Henry Spencer Churchill, a British politician, was born on February 13, 1849 in London
Who was Winston Churchill’s father, Lord Randolph Henry Spencer Churchill?
Lord Randolph Churchill, in full Lord Randolph Henry Spencer Churchill, was born on February 13, 1849 in London.
He was a British politician who was an influential figure in the Conservative Party and Winston Churchill’s father.
He became head of the House of Commons and Chancellor of the Exchequer in 1886, at the age of 37.
He seemed certain he was going to be prime minister in due course, but his own miscalculation ended his political career before the end of the year.
Although he remained in the House of Commons until his death, Churchill lost interest in politics and devoted much time to horse racing.
Lord Churchill died on January 24, 1895, at the age of only 45.
Lord Randolph Churchill became leader of the House of Commons and Chancellor of the Exchequer in 1886 at the age of 37
What were his medical conditions?
His final years were tragic, a general syphilitic paresis that shocked his mind and killed him slowly and painfully.
Paresis is caused by the widespread destruction of brain tissue that occurs in some cases of late syphilis.
Mental changes include gradual deterioration of personality, difficulty concentrating and judgment, delusions, memory loss, disorientation and apathy
Who was his wife and how many children did he have?
In 1873 he met the American Jennie Jerome, who was only 19 at the time.
The couple married at the British Embassy in Paris on April 15, 1874.
The Churchills had two children from their marriage.
Winston, the future Prime Minister, was born less than eight months after their marriage on November 30, 1874.
Winston’s brother, John Strange Spencer-Churchill, was born six years later, in 1880. He was commonly known as Jack Churchill.
Writing in her book American Jennie: The Remarkable Life of Lady Randolph Churchill, author Anne Sebba detailed how Lady Randolph’s sisters believed Jack’s biological father was Evelyn Boscawen, seventh Viscount Falmouth.
But the theory has been discredited due to the boys’ striking resemblance to their father and to each other.