July 24, 2021

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The US and others rally to help Indonesia search for a submarine, but time for survivors is flying fast

The US and others rally to help Indonesia search for a submarine, but time for survivors is flying fast


Military anniversary of Indonesia
Indonesian Navy submarine KRI Nanggala-402 sets sail during Indonesian Army anniversary preparations on September 25, 2014 in Surabaya, East Java, Indonesia.

Anadolu / Getty Agency


Jakarta, Indonesia – The Indonesian Navy scoured the waters off Bali on Friday, supported by the arrival of an Australian sonar-equipped warship with a helicopter, in an increasingly frantic search for a missing submarine with only a few hours of oxygen supply for its 53 crew members.

KRI Nanggala 402 has disappeared after last dive reported Wednesday off the resort island, and concern is increasing that. it may have sunk too deep to reach or recover in time. The navy chief said the submarine was expected to run out of oxygen early Saturday morning.

“We will maximize the effort today, until tomorrow’s time limit at 3 am,” military spokesman Maj. Gen. Achmad Riad told reporters.

There were no signs of life from the submarine, but family members hoped the huge search effort would find the ship in time.

“The family is in good condition and continues to pray,” said Ratih Wardhani, the sister of 49-year-old crew member Wisnu Subiyantoro. “We are optimistic that the Nanggala can be saved with the whole crew.”

INDONESIA-MILITARY-SUBMARINE
Students and teachers pray for the 53 crew members aboard an Indonesian Navy submarine that disappeared off the coast of Bali during training exercises on April 21, at an Islamic school in Surabaya, Indonesia, on April 23, 2021.

JUNI KRISWANTO / AFP / Getty


On Friday 24 Indonesian ships and a patrol plane were mobilized for the search, focusing on the area where an oil slick was found after the submarine disappeared during an exercise. Rescuers carried out similar massive searches in the previous two days.

An American reconnaissance plane was due to join the search on Saturday and a second Australian ship was due to arrive soon.

“These two Australian ships will help expand the research area and extend the duration of the research effort,” said Australian Navy Rear Adm. Mark Hammond said.

Singaporean and Malaysian rescue ships were also planned in the coming days.

Indonesian President Joko Widodo canceled a visit to the port of Banyuwangi, where some rescue ships had left earlier, in preparation for a weekend regional summit in Jakarta, officials said. He asked the Indonesians to pray for the crew’s safe return, while ordering all-out efforts to locate the submarine.

INDONESIA-MILITARY-SUBMARINE
Indonesian Navy ships arrive at Banyuwangi Naval Base on April 22, 2021, to join the search for a decades-old navy submarine that has disappeared off the coast of Bali with 53 crew members on board during regular drills.

AFP via Getty


“Our main priority is the safety of the 53 crew members,” Widodo said in a televised speech Thursday. “For the crew members’ family, I can understand your feelings and we are doing our best to save all crew members aboard.”

There is no conclusive evidence that the oil spill originated from the submarine. Chief of Staff of the Navy Adm. Yudo Margono said the oil may have leaked from a crack in the submarine’s fuel tank or the crew may have released fuel and fluids to reduce the ship’s weight so it could emerge.

Margono said an unidentified object showing high magnetism was found at a depth of 50-100 meters (165 to 330 feet) and officials hoped it was the submarine.

The navy said it believes, however, that the submarine sank to a depth of 2,000-2,300 feet, much deeper than its collapse depth, at which the water pressure would be greater than the hull could withstand. The depth of the ship’s collapse was estimated at 655 feet by a South Korean company that repaired the ship in 2009-2012.

The cause of the disappearance is still uncertain. The navy said an electrical failure could have left the submarine unable to perform emergency procedures to resurface.

Submarine accidents are often disastrous.

In 2000, the Russian nuclear submarine Kursk suffered internal explosions and sank while maneuvering in the Barents Sea. Most of its 118 crew members died instantly, but 23 men escaped to a rear compartment before dying later, mostly from suffocation. In November 2017, an Argentine submarine disappeared with 44 crew members in the South Atlantic, nearly a year before its wreck was found at a depth of 800 meters (2,625 feet).

But in 2005, seven men aboard a Russian mini-submarine were rescued nearly three days after their ship was caught by fishing nets and cables in the Pacific Ocean. They only had six hours of oxygen before they reached the surface.

The German-built, diesel-powered KRI Nanggala 402 has been in service in Indonesia since 1981 and carried 49 crew members and three gunners in addition to its commander, the Indonesian Ministry of Defense said.

Indonesia, the largest archipelago nation in the world with over 17,000 islands, has faced increasing challenges to its maritime claims in recent years, including numerous incidents involving Chinese ships near the Natuna Islands.