June 22, 2021

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The Tsarist and Stalinist buildings of Kiev

kyiv tsarist and stalinist buildings


Tsarist buildings

Erected before the last century, Tsarist buildings he saw the greatness and ruin of entire eras, empires and leaders were replaced, several wars and revolutions ran through their courtyards. They are called Tsarist houses because they were built before the Soviet revolution of 1917, when there was a real construction boom caused by urbanization. They are mainly found in the central areas of the city and are often historical and architectural monuments. In fact, many of them even have commemorative plaques that describe the glorious history of the house, the events that took place inside it, or its exceptional inhabitants.

The peculiarity of these houses is that each of them is an architectural work of art. In those days, there were no standard building and design, so each house was created individually. Outside and inside, they were decorated with stuccoes, sculptures and wallpaper, which was considered very chic, even in the main hall. Unfortunately, few Tsarist buildings have survived in their original form as fires, wars and communism led to significant changes inside and out. This is especially true of planning. In 1918-1920 the so-called “compaction” was carried out. It meant that other families had settled in an apartment where there was a surplus of living space. From 1897 to 1917, there were about 1,926 public housing in Kiev. They were state-of-the-art equipped with lift, telephone, electricity, stove heating, fireplaces, separate servants’ rooms and refrigerators. The first and second floors have been rented for commercial activities such as shops, hairdressers or offices.