At the upcoming UN conference in October 2021 which will set global biodiversity priorities for 2030 and beyond, a ‘Paris Agreement’ for biodiversity and an EU law on biodiversity are needed to ensure that ecosystems are restored , resilient and adequately protected by 2050, members of the European Parliament affirmed. They also insisted on the need to mobilize € 20 billion a year for action on biodiversity in Europe.
On 8 June, MEPs adopted the resolution “EU Biodiversity Strategy for 2030: Bringing Nature Back to Our Lives” with 515 votes in favor, 90 against and 86 abstentions, addressing the current biodiversity crisis in Europe and in the rest of the world.
“Today we are calling for an EU biodiversity law similar to the EU climate law, establishing the governance framework up to 2050 to protect biodiversity, including binding targets for 2030,” said the Spanish MEP. Cesare Luena She said. “I am pleased that we have approved the main objectives of the Commission’s proposal and supported the creation of an EU nature restoration plan to restore at least 30% of the EU’s land and sea. There is also broad support for a law to protect and use soil sustainably and a plan to jointly address the climate and biodiversity crises, “he added.
As nature is declining globally at an unprecedented rate, with one million of approximately eight million species threatened with extinction (IPBES), MEPs hailed the ambition of the EU biodiversity strategy to ensure that by 2050 the world’s ecosystems are restored, resilient and adequately protected. To support this ambition, they called for an EU biodiversity law similar to the EU climate law.
MEPs criticized the EU for failing to meet its 2020 biodiversity targets and said the new strategy must adequately address all five major drivers of change: land and sea use changes; the direct exploitation of organizations; climate change; pollution; and invasive alien species.
Although the EU already has the world’s largest network of protected areas, MEPs said the EU’s nature restoration plan is needed. They reiterated their call for at least 30% of the EU’s land and sea to be protected by 2030 and at least one third of these areas, including all remaining primary and ancient forests in the EU, should also receive strict protection. National targets should take into account differences in geographic size and share of natural areas.
MEPs said that by 2030 there must be no deterioration in conservation trends and the “favorable conservation status” of all protected species and habitats. Furthermore, at least 30% of species and habitats that currently do not have a favorable status should reach it, or show a strong positive trend in that direction. According to MEPs, the EU must lead efforts to end the trade in endangered species and their parts.
Parliament also supports the establishment of a European platform for urban greening along with binding targets on urban biodiversity, such as a minimum share of green roofs on new buildings and a ban on the use of chemical pesticides.
Bees and other pollinators
MEPs opposed the re-authorization of glyphosate after 31 December 2022. They reiterated their call to urgently review the EU pollinator initiative to include an ambitious EU-wide pollinator monitoring framework with clear targets and indicators to stop the population decline of pollinators, which are critical to the environment and food security. They stressed that farmers need environmentally safe crop protection solutions to reduce pesticide use.