The purpose and purpose of the Hajj in Islam is to establish the pure monotheism of God, the commitment to His obedience and the fulfillment of His piety.Hajj rituals and rituals derive from the story of Abraham’s submission to God , when he ordered him to transfer his wife Hagar and son Ismail from the Levant to Mecca; Where I live in the Sacred House.
At that time, the Holy House was a desolate, wilderness, completely devoid of urbanization. Hagar searched between Safa and Marwa after his supplies of water and dates ran out, and the well of Zamzam erupted and Ibrahim obeyed his command. Lord to slaughter his son Ismail.From the facts of that history, the Hajj derived its rituals and meanings, which symbolizes the unification of God and submission to Him in obedience and worship.
The Arabs continued to preserve these rites and meanings for a period of time, ever since God commanded Abraham to call the people to pilgrimage, after he and his son Ismail finished building the Kaaba, but as time went on the Arabs deviated from the rituals and meanings that Abraham taught them, so they associate with God, and they created and innovated pagan rites and traditions mixed with the hajj rites, so the pilgrimage moved away from the structure of the unified rites, and there were different forms of rituals, and the Great Mosque or Mecca was no longer the only place to which the pilgrimage was limited, as there were many places or car houses to which the Arabs went on pilgrimage, and the number of Kaabas reached the pilgrimage of the Arabs 22 Kaaba ; Including Yemeni Kaaba, Ghatfan Kaaba, Najran Kaaba and Ratham Kaaba in Sana’a.
Among the famous places where some Arabs went on pilgrimage was: “Beit Al-Lat” in Taif. Al-Lat was originally a man from Thaqif who “kneaded” pasta for pilgrims. When he died, Amr bin Lehi told them: He did not die but entered the rock, so they took the rock as an idol and built a pilgrimage house there, as well as the “House of Caesar” on the outskirts of the Levant, and the destination of the tribe of Qadha’ah, Lakhm, Lezam and Amilah, go there on pilgrimage and shave their heads, according to what is mentioned in the book “Mecca and Medina in the pre-Islamic period and the covenant of the prophet” by Ahmed Ibrahim Al-Sharif .
The multiplicity of pilgrimage sites among Arabs in pre-Islamic times indicates the large number of gods and idols they worshiped in place of God, and their distance from the monotheistic messages that the messengers brought to them, including Abraham, peace be upon him.
The division of the Arabs was not limited to their differences in the destinations and places of the Hajj: the difference extended to the rituals followed in the Hajj in Mecca, and the Arabs were divided according to their rituals into three sections: the first included the tribes of Hams, and they were named so because of their enthusiasm and rigor in their beliefs under the pretext that they are on the law of their father Abraham, and are Quraish And all Arabs, Kinana, Jadila and Khuza’a for their descent to Mecca , and one of them would wear a brown bark necklace if he left the house with the intention of Hajj, and they would show their Hajj greeting their idols, and they were, as stated in the book “The Dictionary of the Gods of the Arabs Before Islam “by George Kadar They don’t stop in Arafat, but in Muzdalifah until they complete their rituals, and they go around Al-Safa and Al-Marwah when they leave Muzdalifah, and they don’t go around the house except in shoes and clothes new vi, and they do not touch the mosque with their feet in honor of its place, just as they did not eat meat during the Hajj.
Sacrifice for idols
The second section included the Al-Hol tribes, who live outside the borders of the Haram in Mecca; Among them are: Tamim bin Murr, all except Yarubu ‘, Mazin, Dabba, Hamis, Dha’na, Al-Ghouth bin Mur, Adwan, Khath’am, Bujaila, Asad, Ta’i and Bariq. When they went out to the Hajj, they were forbidden to buy and sell except meat, and it was also forbidden to hunt during the Hajj period.The rich give all or most of their money to the poor during the Hajj, and they stay at Arafat, and they wear only the clothes in which they performed the ritual. In the clothes of the sanctuary, the children of the tribe al-Hal, if they could not find clothes, walked around the house barefoot, and the duration of their circumambulation was one week, and the same nudity rituals applied to the women of al-Hilla; Some of them did not walk around naked and did not cover themselves with their hands in front and back, nor wore loincloths, nor walked around the house at night.
The third section included the Atlas tribes; They are: the rest of the people of Yemen, the people of Hadhramaut, Aak, Ajeeb and Iyad bin Nizar, and their rituals were a mixture of the rituals of the Al-Hams tribes and the Al-Hal tribes Mecca and Qurays used to say the phrase: “Oh God, for your sake, for your sake, there is no partner for you except a partner who is yours, you own it and what is possessed.” She used to turn to the idol “Asaf”, and on the night of the tenth of Dhul-Hijjah in Muzdalifah, then at dawn they poured on Mina, from whom they threw stones and sacrificed sacrificial animals, but they were slaughtered on monuments or near the idols, and the meat was distributed to those present and the rest was left for the beasts and birds of prey.And, apparently, the memorials of the Arabs during the Hajj were pagan rites completely far from the meaning of the pure monotheism on which it is based Hajj in its meanings and rituals in Islam.
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