According to TV reporter Oleksandr Makhov, Russian-backed separatists have undermined the residential sector in the village of Zaitsevo with internationally banned anti-personnel mines.
The reporter shared footage showing Russian-made POM-2 landmines equipped with fuzes capable of being activated by a person’s involuntary act.
“POM-2 mines were dropped by drones over houses at night. Some fell into the backyard of the locals, “said Oleksandr Makhov.
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It is also important to note that the Armed Forces General Staff of Ukraine also confirmed that Russian-backed rebels used POM-2 landmines in the same areas.
“On April 12, Russian occupiers insidiously undermined the civilian sector of the village of Zaitsevo with POM-2 landmines prohibited by the Ottawa Convention under the pretext of Ukrainian military actions, according to a press release from the General Staff.
Meanwhile, the general staff press release said separatists in the conflict have now resorted to using mortar rounds and rocket launchers (RPG-7) to deliver mines to the other side.
This type of mine armed with a passive activation mechanism or tripwire fuze. Typically, cables are attached to the POM-2 mine to detect or react to physical movement. It will blow when its fuse has blown.
POM-2 mines are not aimed at a specific military objective; it can unnecessarily and excessively endanger the civilian population; and are prohibited by Additional Protocol I to the Geneva Conventions of August 12, 1949, Article 51 (4). This includes anti-personnel landmines that are not detonated from a distance by an observer but will instead detonate when his fuse trips or self-destructs.
The same types of anti-personnel mines were also used in Libya and Syria, coinciding with the Russian military presence in those conflicts.