May 18, 2021

Ukraine Breaking News

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Mexico marks the end of the last indigenous uprising with an apology

Mexico marks the end of the last indigenous uprising with an apology

Mexico celebrates the 116th anniversary of the battle that ended the last indigenous rebellion in North America, asking for an apology for centuries of brutal exploitation and discrimination

MEXICO CITY – Mexico celebrated on Monday the anniversary of a 1901 battle that ended one of the last indigenous rebellions in North America, apologizing for centuries of brutal exploitation and discrimination.

“For centuries, these people have been subjected to exploitation and abuse,” said Interior Secretary Olga Sánchez Cordero. “Today we recognize something that we have long denied, the wrongs and injustices committed against the Mayan people.”

“Today we ask forgiveness on behalf of the Mexican government for the injustices committed against you throughout our history and for the discrimination that you are still suffering from now,” he said.

President Andrés Manuel López Obrador was accompanied by President Alejandro Giammattei of Guatemala, the neighboring country with a Mayan majority.

The Maya of Quintana Roo – who in 1847-1901 fought a rebellion against Mexican settlers and the government known as “the war of the castes” – still live on the Caribbean coast. The rebellion was finally over when Mexican troops captured Felipe Carrillo Puerto between May 4-5, 1901.

Although the Mayans of Mexico have survived, they have been largely excluded from the rich tourism industry that has sprung up in coastal locations such as Cancún and Playa del Carmen since 1974. Most live as smallholder or fruit growers, or as construction workers or workers. cleaning in the resorts.

“We realize that we have a great history, that we are seen as an example, and people make a lot of money under our name, but that money never shows up in our communities,” said Maya activist Alfaro Yam Canul. .

While the coast south of Cancún is known as the “Riviera Maya” and the water parks often have “Mayan” attractions, the vast majority of Maya live in poverty in the undeveloped southern part of the state of Quintana Roo, south of Felipe Carrillo. Puerto, near the Belize border.

Yam Canul asked López Obrador to grant the Maya the right to promote tourism on a long stretch of mangrove-studded coastline that has been designated as a nature reserve.

Yam Canul said the Sian Ka’an Nature Reserve – which occupies 75 miles (120 kilometers) of coastline and 1.3 million acres (530,000 hectares) of mangroves, wetlands, bays and shallow lagoons – was “brought to us. away, stolen way, without our knowledge or our advice. “

The reserve currently offers visitors small day trips, but there are no hotels. Experts say the lagoon and mangrove ecosystem are extremely sensitive and that any significant fishing or tourism activity would threaten them.

Yam Canul asked the president to review the rules of the nature reserve “so that we Maya, followers of the cross, can enter and develop community ecological tourism, where we do not want really big buildings”. Felipe Carrillo Puerto said “all tourist infrastructure and hotels should be in the Mayan capital”.

Felipe Carrillo Puerto, once known as Chan Santa Cruz, is considered the Mayan capital because it was the center of the rebellion. It housed the temple of the “Talking Cross”, an apparent ventriloquist trick that advised the Maya to rise up against their oppressors.

During the 1800s, the Maya were forced to work in glebe-like conditions on sisal plantations. Sisal and henequen were fibers used in the manufacture of the rope. Some were even induced to virtually become slaves in the sugar cane fields in Cuba.

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